Implementing the National Ethics and Integrity Policy
The future of any nation is only as good as the value system of its
leaders and the citizens within the state. The importance of national value
systems cannot be undermined as it determines the existence, continuity,
identity, and distinctiveness of any nation. A good value system protects a
nation from deviant behaviours and allows the existence of peace. According to
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, 24th President of Liberia, ‘As more men become more
educated and women get educated, the value system has to be more enhanced and
the respect for human dignity and human life is made better.’
Various governments of the world have adopted certain national values
that have formed the core identity and on which their countries exist. Core
Universal Values which were enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, highlight the need for
peace, freedom, social progress, equal rights, and human dignity. Although
drafted over a century ago, these values are what drives and sustain the
activities of the United Nations and its Sustainable Development Goals.
National values are commonly held beliefs about what is right,
acceptable, and beneficial, or what is inappropriate in a certain culture,
society. These values are standards and ethical conducts which a citizen of a
state is expected to imbibe for the common good of a nation, and they help to
shape the identity of a country.
National Ethics and Integrity Policy
There has been a rapid decline in Nigeria’s national values over the
years, as the country ranked 146 least corrupt nation of 180 countries in 2019
by Transparency International’s Corruption Index and one of the most corrupt
countries in Africa; thus the need for an urgent plan to regain the lost
values. The National Ethics and Integrity Policy framework details a
comprehensive National Action Plan and related measures to close the gap in the
country’s quest to reclaim its lost ethical and integrity values.
The Policy was approved by the Federal Executive Council on 19th August 2020, in consideration of the Memorandum EC (2020) 146 by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, for the good and ethical conduct of the Nigerian citizenry. The seven core values which all Nigerians, within and in the diaspora must uphold and adhere to are; Human dignity, Voice and Participation, Patriotism, Personal responsibility, Integrity, National unity, Professionalism.
Implementation and Sustainability Plans for the National Ethics and Integrity Policy
The following are ways by which the values identified in the new National Ethics and Integrity Policy can be fully implemented and sustained at all levels;
1. Independent Judiciary System: To rebuild the ethical and integrity values of our nation, there is a
need for an independent judiciary system that is void of manipulation,
corruption, undue interference, and influence from other arms of
Integration of the Policy into existing
codes, election, and appointment requirements: Implementation of the National Ethics and Integrity Policy should be in
line with existing laws and codes. There may be a need to revise certain
existing policies to be in harmony with the policy such that our laws reflect
our core values. Also, the Integrity Policy should be integrated into our
electoral codes as a prerequisite for aspiring candidates. Only people who have
proven and tested integrity should be allowed to contest positions. Core values
should be the premise on which appointments and screening into office by the
executive and legislative arms are done.
Mass Orientation through Effective
Communication Strategy and Awareness Campaign programmes: The National Orientation Agency in partnership with the National
Broadcasting Corporation, Economic Financial Crimes Commission, Independent
Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), and other
relevant agencies need to draw a detailed plan and execute a Strategic
Behavioural Change Communication, (BCC), and mass awareness campaign aimed at
Nigeria citizenry at all levels. The goals and the objectives of this policy
should be communicated to the members of the public with a series of emotive
and infomercials to trigger a behavioral change. In creating an awareness
campaign, the National Orientation Agency in partnership with other relevant
government agencies should engage industry creatives, celebrities, influencers
on social media and across all sectors, and thought leadership brands to help
facilitate the awareness through their media engagements, seminars, and
4. Engagement with local and traditional leaders: To connect better with the people at the grassroots, there is a need to engage local leaders, influencer figures, and traditional leaders. The government should have a stakeholders engagement with leaders at the lowest level of the pyramid and communicate the policy and encourage them to be agents of change. This will in no small measure facilitate desired change amongst their people.
National Integrity Catchphrase, or Mantra: A national mantra that carries the key messages of the policy and encapsulates the Nigerian dream which would be promoted during the mass awareness campaign is a good way to sustain the core values and inscribe them in the hearts of many Nigerians. The existing ‘Good People, Great Nation’ can be creatively used to amplify the awareness campaign of the policy.
Restructuring of law enforcement agencies: From the recent ugly events that have unfolded in the last five
months, especially during the #ENDSARS movement, it is obvious that Nigerians
have lost faith in the policing and law enforcing system. For the National
Ethics and Integrity Policy to survive, there is an urgent need to restructure
the nation’s law enforcement and anti-graft agencies to reflect the core
values. It is important to win the trust of the people by building a friendly,
accessible, and corrupt-free police system among other law enforcement
Integration of the National Ethics and Integrity Policy into the Educational Curriculum: The country’s educational curriculum should teach students across all levels, ranging from primary to tertiary education the National Ethics and Integrity Policy. This should be integrated into subjects like Social studies, Civic Education for primary and secondary schools, and be a compulsory course for first-year students in the tertiary institutions.
Mobile and Community Courts for Defaulters: Defaulters of the provision of this policy can be charged to mobile and community courts where they are made to engage in community projects, such as cleaning the streets or rendering free services to people amongst other disciplinary actions. It is important for the government at all levels to pass laws to reflect the principles of the Policy and provide guidance on compliance, sanctions, remedies for breaches, and enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance.
Ensuring that the National and Integrity Policy document is accessible to
all Nigerians in print and electronic copies. It should also be communicated
through public artifacts, and communication materials such as posters, banners,
Roles of Citizens in Sustaining the National Ethical and Integrity Policy
For the core national values to be upheld, the citizens have a crucial role to play. These are the following ways by which citizens can help sustain the National Ethical and Integrity Policy:
- Encouraging their families, friends, and neighbours to imbibe the national consciousness and values.
- Teaching children within their homes the right and acceptable values to imbibe as true Nigerians.
- Report cases of crimes, and strongly rebuke people who compromise the acceptable value standards in the nation.
- By being good representatives of Nigeria abroad, reflecting the core values in all their dealings.
- Exercising their constitutional rights and also, performing their civic duties.